Git is one of the most popular version control systems currently available. Many projects’ files are maintained in a Git repository, and sites like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket.
With Git you can collaborate on projects with your fellow developers, keep track of your code changes, revert to previous stages, create branches and more.
This tutorial explains how to install and configure Git on Debian 8/9/10.
Step 1. Installing Git With Default Packages
The Git package is included in the Debian’s default repositories and can be installed using the
apt package manager.
In this tutorial, we will install git using the
apt package manager.just run the following commands as a user with sudo privileges:
01.update your local package index.
sudo apt update
02.download and install git with
apt install command.
sudo apt install git
03.verify the installation
The output look something like below:
Step 2. Configuring Git
Now that you have Git installed, you should configure it so that the generated commit messages will contain your correct information.because Git embeds this information into each commit we do. To do that run the following commands:
01.Configure your name and email
git config --global user.name "Your Name" git config --global user.email "[email protected]"
02.Verify the changes
git config --list
user.name=Your Name [email protected]
The configuration settings are stored in the
[user] name = Your Name email = [email protected]
To make other changes to your Git configuration you can either use the
git configcommand or edit the
~/.gitconfig file with your vi editor.
There are many other options that you can set, but these are the two essential ones needed. If you skip this step, you’ll likely see warnings when you commit to Git.
Step 3. Updating Git
When a new version of Git is added to standard Debian repositories you can update the Git package through your desktop standard Software Update tool or by running the following commands in your terminal:
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade
You should now have Git installed and ready to use on your Debian Linux system. To learn about how to use Git check the Pro Git book.
If you hit a problem or have feedback, leave a comment below.