Vagrant is a command-line tool for building and managing virtual machines.
By default, Vagrant can provision machines on top of VirtualBox, Hyper-V, and Docker. Other providers such as Libvirt (KVM), VMware and AWS can be installed via the Vagrant plugin system.
Vagrant is typically used by developers to set up a development environment that works across multiple operating systems.
This article describes how to install Vagrant on an Ubuntu 20.04 machine. We’ll use VirtualBox, which is the default provider for Vagrant.
Installing Vagrant on Ubuntu
We will provision the virtual machines on top of VirtualBox.
If VirtualBox is not installed on your system you can install it by running:
sudo apt updatesudo apt install virtualbox
The Vagrant package, which is available in Ubuntu’s repositories, is not regularly updated. We’ll download and install the latest version of Vagrant from the official Vagrant site.
At the time of writing this article, the latest stable version of Vagrant is version 2.2.9. Visit the Vagrant downloads page to see if there is a new version of Vagrant available.
Download the Vagrant package with
curl -O https://releases.hashicorp.com/vagrant/2.2.9/vagrant_2.2.9_x86_64.deb
Once the file is downloaded, install it by typing:
sudo apt install ./vagrant_2.2.9_x86_64.deb
To verify that the installation was successful, run the following command that will print the Vagrant version:
The output should look something like this:
Getting Started with Vagrant
Creating a Vagrant project is simple as setting up the project root directory and defining a Vagrantfile.
Run the following commands to create the directory and cd into it with:
mkdir ~/my-vagrant-projectcd ~/my-vagrant-project
Next, initialize a new Vagrantfile using the
vagrant init command followed by the box you want to use.
Boxes are the package format for the Vagrant environments and are provider-specific. You can find a list of publicly available Vagrant Boxes on the Vagrant box catalog page.
In this example, we will use the
vagrant init centos/8 A `Vagrantfile` has been placed in this directory. You are now ready to `vagrant up` your first virtual environment! Please read the comments in the Vagrantfile as well as documentation on `vagrantup.com` for more information on using Vagrant.
Vagrantfile is a Ruby file that describes how to configure and provision the virtual machine. You can open the Vagrantfile, read the comments and make adjustment according to your needs.
vagrant up command to create and configure the virtual machine as specified in the Vagrantfile:
vagrant up ==> default: Configuring and enabling network interfaces... default: SSH address: 192.168.121.74:22 default: SSH username: vagrant default: SSH auth method: private key ==> default: Rsyncing folder: /home/linuxize/Vagrant/my-vagrant-project/ => /vagrant
Vagrant mounts the project directory at
/vagrant in the virtual machine. This allows you to work on your project’s files on your host machine.
To ssh into the virtual machine, run:
You can stop the virtual machine with the following command:
To destroy all resources created during the creation of the machine, enter:
We’ve shown you how to install Vagrant on Ubuntu 20.04 and create a basic Vagrant project.
To find more information about Vagrant visit, the official Vagrant documentation page.
If you have any questions, please leave a comment below.